Background: The population of people with disabilities (PWD) in Spain, according to available data reveals high rates of unemployment (20.34%) and, more alarmingly, a low rate of paid work within this collective at 35.5%. One of the possible causes of this low level of work may be related to the receipt of allowances that would seem to have an inhibiting effect on employment.
Specific aims: The aim of this project was to investigate the effects of receiving an allowance on work and employment in PWD. We also studied compatibility between non-contributory allowances and work.
Method: This involved working with a sample of 2,259 PWD nationwide, these mainly being men (57.61%). The methodology used was both quantitative and qualitative.
Findings: The study results showed that people who receive an allowance, whether contributory or non-contributory, reveal unemployment rates higher than in the remainder of PWD. Similarly, recipients of allowances are mainly inactive while PWD not in receipt of an allowance are mainly active.
Discussion: While the pension system is necessary, this must be very flexible in compatibility with the job and be accompanied by incentive measures for access.
Resumen realizado por los autores